Later Middle Ages
Cultural historians agree that the 14th century signaled the beginnings of European fashion. People now used lacings and buttons. Expensive silk and woven brocades were imported from Italy.
It was also the time for the beginning of tailoring. Straight and draped garments were now replaced by curved seams that followed the contours of the human body.
More people wore complex clothes following the fashion lead of the elites. Variations in the form and design of clothes adapted in various countries were now showing their differences.
The early part of the 16th century had the influence of the formal Spanish dress. The century also saw the rise of the ruff (ruffles) and the popularity of needle lace.
The Industrial Revolution mechanized the manufacturing processes using steam power. The sewing machine was invented in the 19th century, while the synthetic fiber, rayon, was discovered in the 20th. They were all part of the long Industrial Revolution.
In this era, textiles were not only manufactured in factories, they were exported to unlikely places. The transportation system was revolutionized and had progressed immensely. Goods became cheaper.
Fashion and the future
After World War II, there was no stopping the dress-makers all over the fashion capitals of the world (Paris, Rome, New York, and London) from flourishing in their industry.
Fashion trends become media events and followers of fashion lapped them up. Models became superstars. Whatever Kate, Naomi, Cindy, and Linda wore, everybody wanted to wear them, too.
Nowadays, the manufacture of the other pieces of the modern apparel is taken over by the dress-makers. Shoes and bags, kerchiefs and purses, perfume and jewelry and other beauty-related products are now merchandised aggressively.